Normally, we like to write on other topics other than taxes (in addition to the tax-related stuff) … but we cannot emphasize enough how massively and significantly the tax code has been impacted by all this new legislation.
So many things have changed, for so many clients…
Rest assured that we’ve been working hard to stay on top of all of the various client issues and we are using deadline extensions if and when needed.
Few quick updates:
1) The IRS did get their act together and extended the IRA and HSA contribution deadline to May 17th. Maybe somebody with power is on our email distribution list because it happened fairly shortly after we wrote about it. 🙂
2) Estimated payments for Q1 are still due April 15th. Yes, yes … this is a bit of a pain, and we are working very hard to get the information to those clients who are affected. Our suggestion (if you still don’t have clarity on your return): Pay what you paid last year if your income remained similar. We may be able to give you better figures, but as long as you make a payment that is close, we can clean things up in future quarters and minimize any penalties, etc.
And now let’s take a bit closer look at one of the best tax credits of all time, that has undergone a lot of changes over the past few months…
Big Changes To The Earned Income Credit for 2021
“Success is the sum of small efforts repeated day in and day out.” – Robert Collier
Out of all the tax credits available to Americans, the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) can be one of the largest – for those that qualify.
The strict qualifications, especially for workers without children, have also long been one of the biggest criticisms of the EITC.
But the good news is that the American Rescue Act (“ARPA”) brings a number of changes to the EITC including temporary changes for 2021 that impact folks without children in particular.
How investment income matters
In order to take advantage of this tax credit, you must first have earned income, as indicated right there in the name of the tax credit. Money that you earn from a job (including tips), counts as earned income. For the self-employed, your taxable profit is earned income.
What doesn’t count is money you didn’t have to actively work for, like interest on your bank account, dividends on stocks, rental property profit, and other investment income. Since this tax credit is intended to provide a boost to low and middle income working families, there is actually an “investment income” cutoff.
Once you exceed this limit, you’re no longer eligible for the EITC. For the 2020 tax year, the old $3,650 investment income cap still applies.
But for 2021, the new law increases this investment income threshold to $10,000. This is a permanent change, and the cutoff will increase with inflation in 2022 and beyond.
Income thresholds to know
Since this tax credit is primarily targeted at working class families, you might assume that the earned income thresholds for claiming it are ridiculously low.
However, you might be surprised.
For example, a married couple with three or more children can earn up to $56,844 for 2020 before their EITC vanishes entirely. The amount of credit you can claim slowly drops as your income goes up.
That same couple with three kids filing a joint tax return will get the full EITC of $6,660 if their income was $25,220 for last year. If the same family earned $45,000, the EITC is reduced to $2,494.
So, even though the credit is clearly lower, it’s still a significant tax benefit you don’t want to miss out on.
The EITC is reduced if your earned income is less than a certain amount. For example, with three children and earned income of $10,000, that EITC amount drops to $4,500. The rule is meant to encourage families to work and earn more income in order to get the higher tax credit.
2021 Expansion for workers without children
Historically, this particular tax credit hasn’t been friendly to folks without children, but ARPA has made some changes in this arena.
For the 2021 tax year, anybody that’s 19 or older now qualifies for the EITC.
Under the “normal” (old) rules, you have to be minimum 25 years old but less than 65 in order to qualify for the EITC with no children.
The normal rules still apply to your 2020 tax return (i.e. the one due this year).
On top of that, the credit cap for 2020 is $538 for those without children, but for 2021 it will rocket up to $1,502.
Lastly, EITC phaseout doesn’t start until you hit $11,610, a significant increase over the 2020 threshold.
The downside to the expanded rules for workers without a qualifying child: They’re only in force for 2021. Come 2022, it’s back to the old rules.
One more big change ARPA brought to EITC…
Change to marital separation rules
Under the old rules, you had to file a joint tax return with your spouse in order to claim the EITC. The exceptions for a married person were that you had to be living separately from your spouse for the last half of the year, and the children had to be living with you during that time.
This rule still applies for 2020 tax returns, but for 2021 and beyond, it’s been tweaked…slightly.
Now, you’ll be able to claim the EITC if:
– You file separately from your spouse
– The children live with you for more than six months out of the calendar year
– You have a separation agreement in place
– You live apart as of the last day of the year (12/31/21).
The rules for the Earned Income Tax Credit can be confusing — even for many tax professionals. You should see the messes we’ve had to clean up! The Treasury Department estimates that, despite being eligible, about 5 million people every year fail to claim the EITC because of how complicated it is.
The changes under ARPA (both permanent and temporary) are likely to make it even more confusing.
The good news? We’re on top of this stuff for you … so you don’t have to be 🙂
We believe that EVERY person, especially hardworking “regular” people, deserve trustworthy tax help.
And we’re glad to be able to serve you in this crazy tax season.